IME is a step by the Indian Government to infuse more funds, technology and managerial expertise in the mining sector as whole.There has been an overriding sense of urgency for mining industry to gravitate towards a new technology future where the focus is on system attributes of clean, continuous and smart technology. The overall technology trend both in surface and underground mining has been towards increasing the scale of operations, enshrining systems with the infusion of slew of new mining softwares and searching for innovations. IME is a step by the Indian Government to infuse more funds, technology and managerial expertise in the mining sector as whole.A leading event of the mining sector in India and also an established prestigious biennial event in the Asian region offering excellent business opportunities for the mining, minerals and allied industries was inaugurated by Alok Perti, IAS, Secretary (Coal), Government of India. Judy Reinke, Minister Counsellor for Commercial Affairs, U.S. Commerce Service, NC Jha, Chairman, Coal India and VRS. Natarajan, Chairman and Managing Director, BEML were also present at the occasion.The four-day exhibition displayed the latest state-of-the-art machinery and equipment, mineral processing procedures, latest technology and their innovative applications, R & D logistics, communications and safety and health aspects.The future of mining technology will be inexorable shaped by forces of transformation stemming from requirement of mass mining, environmental challenges and competitive forces. To be sustainable, mining technology has to assure resource efficient production of raw materials in harmony with environment and will have to be clean, smart, agile and minimally disruptive besides being energy-efficient.The technology has also to effectively manage the wastes from resource recovery whose dimensions are assuming a gargantuan proportion. In underground coal mining, longwall will continue to be the predominant extraction system with longwall faces emerging as coal production factories with daily output of over 50–70,000 tonne.The Mining Congress focused on the challenges and opportunities for the mining industry in Asia. According to Ajoy Ghose, Chairman, Organising Committee, “The economic advances sweeping through emerging economies of China, India or even Mongolia dwarf the scale and pace of western world’s industrial revolution in late 18th and 19th Century. Much of this breakthrough is underpinned by exploitation of the natural resources and a veritable wind of change is sweeping the Asian resource landscape.These are grounds enough for reviewing the status of mineral industry changes in Asian economies and also critically evaluate the game-changing technologies that are now off the shelf for field testing.The 4th Asian Mining Congress and IME 2012 offered precisely the conjunction of sustainable mineral development in Asia and new breakthrough technologies for visitors to the exhibition which showcased evolving technology trends for higher levels of productivity. Amongst the new technologies being showcased at IME-2012 include directional drilling systems for inrush protection from Australia, new and innovative surface mining equipment, complete mining solutions for long wall systems from Poland, new breed of simulators for effective training of operators of mining vehicles and world’s best gold detection technologies for prospectors.”The event had participation from over 28 countries, mineral rich States, PSU’s, corporates, SME’s and industry as a whole. The 4th IME 2012 was a perfect platform for display and launch of new initiatives, products, small & medium technologies, establishing joint ventures thus developing and renewing International and regional contacts.The 4th AMC was held with twin objectives of surveying the status of mineral development in Asian nations and the issues of environment and corporate social responsibility as they affect mineral development per se. It also aimed at presenting the state-of-the-art of technology and mineral development focused on India.Some 54 papers were presented in 11 sessions of the Congress, besides 2 Panel discussions with many heavy-weight panelists on issues of current development, namely the perceived need for issues of protection of the environment through rigid laws and the implications of the draft MMDR bill and Land Acquisition on Indian Mining Industry.